A visa is probably the most diverse U.S. visa for different types of roles it is applied too. Very often in conjunction with F1 visa students, hundreds of thousands of foreigners prospectus each year for the first time to come to the United States.
Now a lot of foreigners who would like to work full time after the U.S. bases, and perhaps eventually to live here permanently use the J-1 visa as a stepping stone to their original role to find more permanent green card and then support.
The reason why so many people choose this route, in many respects it is much easier to get a U.S. visa because there is no quote is limited each year, compared with other visas. And find an additional role in the placement of this visa is also a bit easier, because employers are willing to say they want to hire a foreigner for the internship. This is because they, unlike the work visa to H1B visa, they do not actually support the visa candidate themselves and there is no operating costs or legal costs they actually incur.
J-1 visa internship or apprenticeship program is essentially divided into two types, called placement or Professional Career Training (PCT). In a broad sense difference between the two is that the internship is a flow of current graduate students in higher education or high school graduates. Recently, a positive change in the stream that you can only ask, and still a student, but you can start your own role within 6 months after graduation.
If, as a career training stream is for those who have higher education qualifications, but have completed more than a year ago. It may also appeal to those who do not have that level of academic qualifications, but not less than 5 years of relevant work experience placements the role to which they apply.
One important thing to note about the flow of the PCT in July 2007. Anyone from any country, now has a 2-year rule to apply them to the holder (also known as the home residence rule). This basically means that the PCT application, which must remain outside the U.S. for at least 2 years prior to application of any other U.S. visa in the visa waiver program). There is a 2-year residency rule waiver that can be used but you should know it's not a quick process.
Assuming that you are a foreigner to the U.S. to use some contacts to help you find a role, there are ways that most people achieve this. The first being, using a variety of sponsor organizations who will actually support the J-1 visa as Intrax, International telephone, CIEE, etc.
You should keep in mind that if you are there to use the job search tool that you first check point will tend to someone in one of the sponsors of these organizations before they are transferred to the employer, or officially known as the most appropriate for your server and the best candidates for the company) themselves. Furthermore, there are always the regular J1 visa program fees are additional charges if you use these organizations, rather than searching for internships themselves and then just using these organizations to funders.
All of these organizations to sponsor your J-1 visa, regardless if you are really a role through their internships. The difference is that if you do it on their own, When you find a role that you and your host company must complete an application form on their website and in your case to pay the program fees), and then they will be in contact with you and for processing the application.
Unlike the work visa, there are companies willing to hire foreigners without personal interviews. Often, they will be willing to hire you based on telephone interviews and even video chat, such as Skype. These companies are willing to do so, often hire foreigners as early as the intern.
Finally, you should read the internship job description, where to find them, how many, they are either free or very minimal basic wage or stipend. Now, if you are happy that there is an additional condition, you will also have to meet with your J1 visa, stating that you are able to support themselves financially.